Love has additional religious or spiritual meaning. The corresponding noun is amor (the significance of this term for the Romans is well illustrated in the fact, that the name of the City, Rome—in Latin: Roma—can be viewed as an anagram for amor, which was used as the secret name of the City in wide circles in ancient times),[37] which is also used in the plural form to indicate love affairs or sexual adventures. ch_color_border = "FFFFFF"; • What is the origin of the phrase Sleep Tight? Old English, in early forms of the Scandinavian languages. Eros helps the soul recall knowledge of beauty and contributes to an understanding of spiritual truth. • What is the origin of the term Brass Monkey? Non-love does not include any of these components. There is a cognate lof in early forms of the Scandinavian languages. At Versailles in the 18th century, there was an acceptance of the imperfect fit between marriage and love. The Latin language has several different verbs corresponding to the English word "love." 愛 (ài) is used as both a verb (e.g. The Etymology of Love written by Meriwether Clarke February 12, 2016 Author’s note: The date and definition of each word is only the Oxford English Dictionary’s first known recording of the word’s use (in English). In Ancient Greek, it often refers to a general affection or deeper sense of "true love" rather than the attraction suggested by "eros." Because "love" covers a wide range of emotions and behavioral phenomena, there are nuances distinguishing the three terms. ch_color_title = "0D37FF"; [65] The philosophical investigation of love includes the tasks of distinguishing between the various kinds of personal love, asking if and how love is or can be justified, asking what the value of love is, and what impact love has on the autonomy of both the lover and the beloved. You are not worthy to be called by the name of "man". A conscience being must objectify the world of things and other beings to be able to understand them. The host fed and provided quarters for the guest, who was expected to repay only with gratitude. In the epistle, he describes love as an emotion that is fostered in an individual for the beloved through four stages. [62], The term "sex radical" has been used interchangeably with the term "free lover". • What is the origin of the word Nous? Was the first computer Bug a real insect? People can be said to love an object, principle, or goal to which they are deeply committed and greatly value. [24], Psychology depicts love as a cognitive and social phenomenon. [4][5] It may also describe compassionate and affectionate actions towards other humans, one's self or animals. Do not forget to love with forgiveness, Christ saved an adulterous woman from those who would stone her. ch_height = 250; [23] Enzo Emanuele and coworkers reported the protein molecule known as the nerve growth factor (NGF) has high levels when people first fall in love, but these return to previous levels after one year. Empty love only includes commitment. Practitioners of Sufism believe that love is a projection of the essence of God to the universe. In Buddhism, Ai was seen as capable of being either selfish or selfless, the latter being a key element towards enlightenment. This mentality created a vision of strongly defined gender roles, which provoked the advancement of the free love movement as a contrast. [19] People can also "love" material objects, animals, or activities if they invest themselves in bonding or otherwise identifying with those things. Modern authors have distinguished further varieties of love: unrequited love, empty love, companionate love, consummate love, infatuated love, self-love, and courtly love. In the condition of separation, there is an acute yearning for being with the beloved and in the condition of union, there is supreme happiness and nectarean. Marriage was for children, practicality and continuity. Middle-class Americans wanted the home to be a place of stability in an uncertain world. Love does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth. • What is the origin of the word OK? The word love goes back to the very roots of the English language. It always protects, always trusts, always hopes, and always perseveres." One of the Greek words for love means to have a brotherly love towards someone. The Qur'an refers to God as being "full of loving kindness.". Do not even pagans do that? In Mandarin Chinese, 愛 (ài) is often used as the equivalent of the Western concept of love. Sufism is often referred to as the religion of love. The love of man and woman—eros in Greek—and the unselfish love of others (agape), are often contrasted as "descending" and "ascending" love, respectively, but are ultimately the same thing.[49]. If sexual passion is also involved, then this feeling is called paraphilia. This would favor monogamous relationships over polygamy.[31]. Empedocles was a Sicilian, a high-born citizen of Acragas and a pre-Socratic philosopher, among whom were also Heraclitus and Parmenides. He even says, "I was in love with love." "[35], Eros (ἔρως érōs) (from the Greek deity Eros) is passionate love, with sensual desire and longing. Mosaic Law would hold Deuteronomy 22:22-24 "If a man is found lying with a woman married to a husband, then both of them shall die—the man that lay with the woman, and the woman; so you shall put away the evil from Israel. For example, compassionate outreach and volunteer workers' "love" of their cause may sometimes be born not of interpersonal love but impersonal love, altruism, and strong spiritual or political convictions. This same root also produces amicus—"friend"—and amicitia, "friendship" (often based to mutual advantage, and corresponding sometimes more closely to "indebtedness" or "influence"). In certain Vaishnava sects within Hinduism, attaining unadulterated, unconditional and incessant love for Godhead is considered the foremost goal of life. In recent years, the sciences of psychology, anthropology, neuroscience, and biology have added to the understanding the concept of love. Psychologist Robert Sternberg formulated a triangular theory of love and argued that love has three different components: intimacy, commitment, and passion. Chesed, often translated as loving-kindness, is used to describe many forms of love between human beings. Words. • What are the Canons of Etymology? Love Spoons in the Past. Diligere often has the notion "to be affectionate for," "to esteem," and rarely if ever is used for romantic love. This diversity of uses and meanings combined with the complexity of the feelings involved makes love unusually difficult to consistently define, compared to other emotional states. Infatuated love only includes passion. The saints of Sufism are infamous for being "drunk" due to their love of God; hence, the constant reference to wine in Sufi poetry and music. • What is the origin of the phrase : The Bee's Knees? He is usually accompanied by his consort Rati and his companion Vasanta, lord of the spring season. Adveṣa and mettā are benevolent love. Being perfectly in love with God or Krishna makes one perfectly free from material contamination. ch_vertical ="premium"; [28] In recent years, various human bonding theories have been developed, described in terms of attachments, ties, bonds, and affinities. Passionate love is shown in infatuation as well as romantic love. In Christianity the practical definition of love is summarised by St. Thomas Aquinas, who defined love as "to will the good of another," or to desire for another to succeed. It has also been translated as "love of the soul. Interpersonal love refers to love between human beings. [39] The third term, ren'ai (恋愛), is a more modern construction that combines the kanji characters for both ai and koi, though its usage more closely resembles that of koi in the form of romantic love. Greek distinguishes several different senses in which the word "love" is used. (1 Cor. The words story and history share much of their lineage, and in previous eras, the overlap between them was much messier than it is today. Being absorbed in Love for God is considered to be the perfection of life. These four stages are inclination (mayl), desire (iradat), affection (mahabbat) and love (‘ishq). His work states that three factors constitute love: attachment, caring, and intimacy.[26][27]. [59], The term "free love" has been used[60] to describe a social movement that rejects marriage, which is seen as a form of social bondage. Similarly, a ‘rememberer’ (of God) progresses through the stages until God becomes predominant in his heart. The earliest English record of the word 'love' was in the 8th century, as it goes back to the very roots of the English language, even though other forms of it existed in other countries and languages. Origin of love First recorded before 900; (noun) Middle English; Old English lufu, cognate with Old Frisian luve, Old High German luba, Gothic lubō; (verb) Middle English lov(i)en, Old English lufian; cognate with … Saint Augustine summarized this when he wrote "Love God, and do as thou wilt. Companionate love includes intimacy and commitment. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. • What is the origin of the word Codswallop? Love as a general expression of positive sentiment (a stronger form of like) is commonly contrasted with hate (or neutral apathy). “The History of Love - Nicole Krauss” “So many words get lost. Later in Chinese Buddhism, the term Ai (愛) was adopted to refer to a passionate, caring love and was considered a fundamental desire. Unrequited love refers to those feelings of love that are not reciprocated. From this verb come amans—a lover, amator, "professional lover," often with the accessory notion of lechery—and amica, "girlfriend" in the English sense, often being applied euphemistically to a prostitute. Origin of love From Middle English love , luve , from Old English lufu (“love, affection, desire" ), from Proto-Germanic *lubÅ (“love" ), from Proto-Indo-European *lewbÊ°- , *leubÊ°- (“love, care, desire" ). It was understood that there would always be a tension between the two. Throughout history, philosophy and religion have done the most speculation on the phenomenon of love. The site has become a favorite resource of teachers of reading, spelling, and English as a second language. Biological models of sex tend to view love as a mammalian drive, much like hunger or thirst. "[48] The biblical book Song of Solomon is considered a romantically phrased metaphor of love between God and his people, but in its plain reading, reads like a love song. Philia (philía): Friendship, Love (but especially "platonic"). While no one can really pinpoint the origin of the word, it has appeared rather a lot in literature and Shakespeare (the man who pretty much invented the modern day English language) was a … The fourth love, and perhaps the most radical, was agape or selfless love. ch_client = "Thangavel1"; [47], In his Paris Talks, `Abdu'l-Bahá described four types of love: the love that flows from God to human beings; the love that flows from human beings to God; the love of God towards the Self or Identity of God; and the love of human beings for human beings.[57]. Thereafter rose Desire in the beginning, Desire the primal seed and germ of Spirit, Most commonly, love refers to a feeling of strong attraction and emotional attachment. • [64], The philosophy of love is a field of social philosophy and ethics that attempts to explain the nature of love. ", The Apostle Paul glorified love as the most important virtue of all. The 20th-century rabbi Eliyahu Eliezer Dessler is frequently quoted as defining love from the Jewish point of view as "giving without expecting to take" (from his Michtav me-Eliyahu, Vol. Some translations list it as "love of the body". To love one's friends is common practice, to love one's enemies only among Christians. meaning desire. Hindu writers, theologians, and philosophers have distinguished nine forms of bhakti, which can be found in the Bhagavata Purana and works by Tulsidas. Karuna is compassion and mercy, which impels one to help reduce the suffering of others. Gaudiya Vaishnavas consider that Krishna-prema (Love for Godhead) is not fire but that it still burns away one's material desires. [61], Many people in the early 19th century believed that marriage was an important aspect of life to "fulfill earthly human happiness." Some historians date modern conceptions of romantic love to courtly Europe during or after the Middle Ages, although the prior existence of romantic attachments is attested by ancient love poetry. The commandment to love other people is given in the Torah, which states, "Love your neighbor like yourself" (Leviticus 19:18). Fuck isn't an Anglo-Saxon word either. The love of Radha, a cowherd girl, for Krishna is often cited as the supreme example of love for Godhead by Gaudiya Vaishnavas. Many other languages use multiple words to express some of the different concepts that in English are denoted as "love"; one example is the plurality of Greek words for "love" which includes agape and eros. ch_color_text = "0D3700"; Ovid wrote a guide to dating called Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love), which addresses, in depth, everything from extramarital affairs to overprotective parents. [39][40] The term ai (愛), which is often associated with maternal love[39] or selfless love,[40] originally referred to beauty and was often used in religious context. In this tradition, salvation or liberation is considered inferior to love, and just an incidental by-product. [15] This is an explanation of the Christian need to love others, including their enemies. The points progress from love to 15, 30, and 40, which are relatively equivalent to 0,1, 2, and 3 in points per game. Biological models of love tend to see it as a mammalian drive, similar to hunger or thirst. The Romans used it both in an affectionate sense as well as in a romantic or sexual sense. Recent studies in neuroscience have indicated that as people fall in love, the brain consistently releases a certain set of chemicals, including the neurotransmitter hormones, dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin, the same compounds released by amphetamine, stimulating the brain's pleasure center and leading to side effects such as increased heart rate, loss of appetite and sleep, and an intense feeling of excitement. In Hinduism, kāma is pleasurable, sexual love, personified by the god Kamadeva. "[15] Bertrand Russell describes love as a condition of "absolute value," as opposed to relative value. To begin by always thinking of love as an action rather than a feeling is one way in which anyone using the word in this manner automatically assumes accountability and responsibility.” In that action she names components such as care, responsibility, respect, commitment, and trust as essential components to the act of loving. Certainly, love is influenced by hormones (such as oxytocin), neurotrophins (such as NGF), and pheromones, and how people think and behave in love is influenced by their conceptions of love. The other limbs cannot remain at rest. Love encompasses a range of strong and positive emotional and mental states, from the most sublime virtue or good habit, the deepest interpersonal affection, to the simplest pleasure. Sages who searched with their heart's thought discovered the existent's kinship in the non-existent. [22], Lust is the initial passionate sexual desire that promotes mating, and involves the increased release of chemicals such as testosterone and estrogen. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him." Ancient Greeks identified four forms of love: kinship or familiarity (in Greek, storge), friendship and/or platonic desire (philia), sexual and/or romantic desire (eros), and self-emptying or divine love (agape). The Christian understanding is that love comes from God. Gospel of Mark chapter 12, verses 28–34). It is a much more potent sentiment than a simple liking for a person. • What is the origin of the word Quiz? It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. He further states that "...love...is a feeling that expresses itself in action. It can also mean "love of the mind.". and this is the ultimate way of salvation or liberation. Mohism stressed that rather than adopting different attitudes towards different people, love should be unconditional and offered to everyone without regard to reciprocation; not just to friends, family and other Confucian relations. In Confucianism, one displays benevolent love by performing actions such as filial piety from children, kindness from parents, loyalty to the king and so forth. Love was for excitement, drama and sex. • What is the origin of the term Flea Market? It claimed that such issues were the concern of the people involved, and no one else. The Indo-European root is also behind Latin lubet meaning it is pleasing and lubido meaning desire. Batsman who makes no runs at cricket is said to be Out for a Duck. Love is an ancient delirium, a desire older than civilization, with taproots stretching deep into dark and mysterious days. Ancient Greek had four distinct words for what we translate as "love." Kate Morris (2011), The Illustrated Dictionary of History. Maara is another name for kāma. Several common proverbs regard love, from Virgil's "Love conquers all" to The Beatles' "All You Need Is Love". Love affair "a particular experience of love" is from 1590s. • What is the origin of the word Jaywalking? As a less-sexual and more-emotionally intimate form of romantic attachment, love is commonly contrasted with lust. ch_query = ch_queries[ch_selected]; Furthermore, researchers as early as Charles Darwin himself identified unique features of human love compared to other mammals and credit love as a major factor for creating social support systems that enabled the development and expansion of the human species. This is quite different from ordinary love, which is usually about attachment and sex and which rarely occurs without self-interest. Modern authors have distinguished further varieties of romantic love. In this, he argued directly against Confucians who believed that it was natural and correct for people to care about different people in different degrees. Just like the word “love” in English can also refer to a score of zero in tennis, which has nothing to do with the feeling of love. [3], Love is considered to be both positive and negative, with its virtue representing human kindness, compassion, and affection, as "the unselfish loyal and benevolent concern for the good of another" and its vice representing human moral flaw, akin to vanity, selfishness, amour-propre, and egotism, as potentially leading people into a type of mania, obsessiveness or codependency. Early History of the Love family. var ch_queries = new Array( ); [63] These are also beliefs of Feminism. The Qur'an exhorts Muslim believers to treat all people, those who have not persecuted them, with birr or "deep kindness" as stated in Surah [Quran 6:8-9]. Whoever does not know this, know this with his being, does not know love, even if he should ascribe to it the feelings that he lives through, experiences, enjoys, and expresses. Lewis referred to it as “gift love,” the highest form of Christian love. Romantic love, if permitted at all, was reserved for the heady realm of mistresses and fuckboys. Her example of love is considered to be beyond the understanding of material realm as it surpasses any form of selfish love or lust that is visible in the material world. The word love goes back to the very roots of the English language. In contrast to kāma, prema – or prem – refers to elevated love. History of the word 'love' Where did this word come from? [19] In this sense, Fromm held that love is ultimately not a feeling at all, but rather is a commitment to, and adherence to, loving actions towards another, oneself, or many others, over a sustained duration. As an interpersonal relationship with romantic overtones, love is sometimes contrasted with friendship, although the word love is often applied to close friendships or platonic love. Psychologist Erich Fromm maintained in his book The Art of Loving that love is not merely a feeling but is also actions, and that in fact, the "feeling" of love is superficial in comparison to one's commitment to love via a series of loving actions over time. A world of wronged hypocrites needs forgiving love. [56] God in Sufism is referred to in three main terms, which are the Lover, Loved, and Beloved, with the last of these terms being often seen in Sufi poetry. First use of a word meaning love in any language? Ishq, or divine love, is the emphasis of Sufism in the Islamic tradition. Lust, according to Saint Augustine, is an overindulgence, but to love and be loved is what he has sought for his entire life. John admonishes us to love one another in order to clarify for us the precise origin and meaning of love. Passionate love is intense longing, and is often accompanied by physiological arousal (shortness of breath, rapid heart rate); companionate love is affection and a feeling of intimacy not accompanied by physiological arousal. To fall in love is attested from early 15c. Welsh lovespoons are hand made wooden spoons that are made from one piece of wood and designed and decorated according to the carver’s imagination. After the review of Christian doctrine, Augustine treats the problem of love in terms of use and enjoyment until the end of Book I of De Doctrina Christiana (1.22.21–1.40.44;). Etym… Why? James Lochtefeld (2002), The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Volume 1, Rosen Publishing, New York. Consequently, "I like you" (我喜欢你, Wǒ xǐhuan nǐ) is a more common way of expressing affection in Mandarin; it is more playful and less serious. Why? [12] Cultural differences in conceptualizing love thus doubly impede the establishment of a universal definition.[13]. This word would be appropriate to describe the friendship of two men. As for love between marital partners, this is deemed an essential ingredient to life: "See life with the wife you love" (Ecclesiastes 9:9). [30] Another factor may be that sexually transmitted diseases can cause, among other effects, permanently reduced fertility, injury to the fetus, and increase complications during childbirth. I'm sure I know The Origin of The Word... What is the origin of the phrase Sleep Tight? Our long history of ambivalence towards love, Ackerman argues, is rooted in the necessary vulnerability and uncontrolled surrender true love requires: We think of it as a sort of traffic accident of the heart. The philosophical work Narada Bhakti Sutras, written by an unknown author (presumed to be Narada), distinguishes eleven forms of love. The term s'agapo means I love you in Greek. Love is Good! All rights reserved. 13:4–7, NIV), The Apostle John wrote, "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. The conventional view in biology is that there are two major drives in love: sexual attraction and attachment. [40] The term's origins come from the concept of lonely solitude as a result of separation from a loved one. Marriage was meant for baby-making and sound finances. Humans are dependent on parental help for a large portion of their lifespans compared to other mammals. Empedocles’ work shoul… This notion, however, is much more generally expressed in Latin by the terms placere or delectāre, which are used more colloquially, the latter used frequently in the love poetry of Catullus. Love often involves caring for, or identifying with, a person or thing (cf. R. Prasad (2008), History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization, Volume 12, Part 1, facilitate the continuation of the species, "Definition of "Love" - English Dictionary", "Love – Definition of love by Merriam-Webster", "St. Thomas Aquinas, STh I–II, 26, 4, corp. art", "Raised plasma nerve growth factor levels associated with early-stage romantic love", "Philosophy of Love | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy", "Japanese Words for "Love": The Difference between "Ai" and "Koi, "The Dear One of Nasaf: 'Azīz Nasafī's "Epistle on Love, http://www.wga.hu/html_m/b/baglione/sacred2.html, "Augustine's Hermeneutics and Homiletics in, "Sri Lanka – Philippines: Meeting with the young people in the sports field of Santo Tomas University (Manila, 18 January 2015) – Francis", "The key to love according to Pope Francis", "Wonderful Characteristic of Krishna Prema, Gour Govinda Swami", "Love's Lessons: Intimacy, Pedagogy and Political Community", Interactions between the emotional and executive brain systems, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Love&oldid=995166988, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2012, Articles lacking reliable references from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2010, Pages using Sister project links with wikidata namespace mismatch, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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